Wednesday, July 03, 2019

The Five Classes Of Fire

Bison Fire's 5 Classes of Fire

As the owner of a commercial property or business, you know you have a responsibility to keep your employees, guests, and customers with protection against an unexpected fire.

One of these responsibilities includes having a well-developed understanding of the classes of fire. Keep reading to build your fire safety smarts:

The Five Classes of Fire

Class A

Class A fires are ordinary combustible fires. These types of fires use flammable materials like wood, paper, trash, plastic, and fabric as their fuel source. These fires are typically put out by using water or monoammonium phosphate.

Examples of Class A fires are campsite fires that use wood and combustible materials, or a trash can fire in an industrial park.

In fact, these types of fires are the most common of fire across multiple industries.

Class B

A Class B fire uses flammable liquids or gas as its fuel base, such as gasoline, kerosene, butane, propane, and petroleum based oils and paints.

Class B fires are a common hazard in industries that deal with lubricants, fuels, and certain kinds of paint. These types of fires are suppressed by covering them to remove oxygen, or by using chemical compounds that produce the same effect as smothering.

Class C

Class C fires are fires that use electrical components or energized equipment as its fuel source, and is often fueled by motors, electronic transformers and equipment, and appliances.

Most common in sectors like energy or heavy electronic equipment, Class C fires can typically be extinguished by cutting off the power source and using non-conductive materials to extinguish the fire.

Class D

Class D fires use combustible metals, like titanium, magnesium, potassium, and aluminum, and are a danger in laboratory environments because of their volatile nature.

Never use water to extinguish a Class D fire. Instead, use dry powder agents that absorb the heat the fire needs to burn and smothers it so it becomes deprived of oxygen.

Class K

Class K fires are defined as cooking fires and involve a combustion of liquids used in food preparation such as grease, cooking oils, vegetable fat, and animal fat.

Naturally, Class K fires are a concern for the foodservice and restaurant industry, but can be common in people’s homes when a frying pan or a grill is left unattended.

Suppressing these fires requires a wet chemical fire extinguisher.

Know Your Fire Safety Needs

For all of your fire safety needs in Winnipeg, Thompson, Kenora, Brandon, Regina, and Saskatoon you can depend on Bison Fire Protection. Contact us for your fire protection solutions and services today.

Posted by Rob Read at 8:15 AM 0 Comments

Wednesday, June 19, 2019

Did You Know These Household Items Are Flammable?

Bison Fire's DYK The Holdhold Items are Flamable

When you think about places in your home that could be the source of a fire, there are probably some obvious answers (chimney, stove, etc.) that come to mind, but there are more flammable items in your house than you may think.

The list that follows is organized by room, and should be your go-to guide when it comes to identifying, managing, and protecting against fires in these key areas.

Check them out:

Flammable Household Items By Room


While the stovetop, oven, and even the motor in your fridge may seem like obvious options, fire hazards are hanging out in an area you may not expect: around your kitchen sink.

Disinfectant sprays and drain cleaners are extremely flammable household items, and even your dish detergent can pose a hazard by releasing toxic gases into your home if ignited.

Aerosol cans have the potential to be explosive, since there are gases in these containers that contain a lot of pressure.


Bathrooms are where most of us keep personal grooming items and toiletries, many of which are flammable. For example, nail polish remover, a common item found under most sinks, contains the flammable chemical acetone.

Other common items such as rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer are also flammable, so be sure to use them a safe distance away from a heat source.

Aerosol cans of hairspray, dry shampoo, sunscreen, and bathroom cleaners also have the potential to explode if left near to heat sources like hair dryers and curling and straightening irons.

Laundry Room

Would you believe that your laundry room is one of the most dangerous rooms in your home? It’s true! The water heaters and dryers, stain removers, detergents, and bleach all pose threats.

Water heaters and dryers have the potential to overheat or spark, and the flammable liquids in the room can let out toxic gasses when heated.

Make sure to store your laundry products away from heat sources and regularly clean out the lint drawer in your dryer!


Most of us use garages to store objects that we don’t want to keep in our homes, and if you’re storing flammable items in your garage it’s prudent to keep them stored in cabinets, especially during the summer months when you may use your garage more often.

Never place flammable items like pesticides, paints, thinners, lighter fluids, antifreeze and gasoline near water heaters or furnaces, 

Contact the Experts at Bison Fire Protection!

Bison Fire Protection is dedicated to providing the most effective fire protection systems and monitoring services in the prairies. Contact us for your fire protection solutions and services today.

Posted by Rob Read at 8:16 AM 0 Comments

Wednesday, May 29, 2019

What You Need To Know To Pass Your Restaurant Fire Inspection

Bison Fire's What you need to know to pass Your Restaurant Fire Inspection

With large, busy kitchens full of flammable material and slippery surfaces, it’s no wonder that restaurants post such a fire hazard - and why passing your restaurant fire inspection is critical not only to staying open and avoiding paying steep fines, but also to keep your staff and patrons safe.

Being prepared is key to developing a good working relationship with the fire or insurance inspector, so today we’re going to cover what you need to know to pass your restaurant fire inspection:

Stay Organized

Since most inspections happen unannounced, it’s prudent to make sure that your filing system allows you give the inspector whatever he needs to complete the inspection.

Make sure that you have reports from all previous inspections somewhere accessible, and that you’ve included documents that show how you’ve resolved any issues from previous inspections.

Even though the inspector will typically give you notes reflecting their findings, we recommend touring the restaurant with the inspector and take notes. This shows you’re engaged and paying attention, and can be a good opportunity to take any notes about the inspector’s thought process so you can ace future inspections.

Know the Inspection Areas


Ensuring that these doors work properly will be critical to the inspection, so make sure that all exit doors are accessible, well lit, easily identifiable, and are working properly.

Take fire inspections into consideration when choosing your security methods. Using unapproved locks, chaining doors shut, and covering doors so they can’t be easily identified by people inside the building may not comply with the inspector’s standards.


Combustible or flammable liquids must be stored in an organized, orderly fashion inside of approved containers and storage cabinets. These cabinets must also be at least 18 inches below the fire sprinklers, and stored far away from heat and flame-producing appliances.

Different liquids and products will have varying limits and storage requirements, so make sure to follow them to the letter and keep the space around the flammables clean and clear.


Inspectors will be looking issues such as making sure all outlets have cover plates, as well as for wiring that isn’t properly insulated or covered.

Stay prepared by making sure to properly label all electrical panels and ensure that a radius of at least 30 inches is maintained from all panels.

As you may know, extension cords must be heavy duty, in good working condition, and only used to temporarily power small appliances. All extension cords must be grounded and if multiple items need to be plugged in power bars with built-in circuit breakers must be used and plugged into a permanent electrical outlet.

Fire Protection/Suppression and Fire Alarm Systems

Make sure that fire extinguishers are distributed throughout your building and will work when tested, and give the inspector copies of all your system and equipment inspections, testing, and maintenance (ITM) reports.

Passing the Inspection

Passing your inspection proves your dedication to making your facility as safe as possible, but if you don’t take these steps:

  • Ask questions, so you fully understand all the issues
  • Discuss the best steps to resolving the issue with your inspector
  • Take notes and reference them so the issue doesn’t happen again

For more information about keeping your restaurant safe from fires, contact the expert at Bison Fire Protection. Call 866-441-3473 today to schedule an appointment with a fire safety experts.

Together we can make the world a safer place!

Posted by Rob Read at 9:11 AM 0 Comments

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Could Your Pet Start a Fire?

Bison Fire's Could Your Pet Start a Fire

What do you think of when you think about the steps needed to keep your home safe from a fire? Some things that come to mind probably include testing your smoke alarms, not leaving candles unattended, and being careful when cooking with grease and oil… but what about your pet?

That’s right: our furry friends can accidentally start fires by knocking over candles, knocking into tables and lamps, or spreading hot ashes from an ashtray or fireplace. In fact, the National Fire Protection Association states that about 500 house fires a year are caused by pre-related accidents.

Worried your furry friend may put your home at risk? Follow these pet-friendly fire safety tips:

Be Careful Where You Use Candles

Candles are great for setting a romantic mood, adding ambience to a space, or for visibility during a power outage, but the flickering lights can look attractive to cats and can be knocked over accidentally.

Instead of worrying about your candles getting jostled by your pet, consider investing in electric, battery-powered candles. Not only are these “wickless” candles less messy than typical candles, but they won’t start a fire if they get knocked over by a curious or overly-excited pet.

Remove Knobs on the Stove

Many of us are familiar with large, friendly dogs who love to “counter surf” by standing on their hind legs in order to see the action happening on the counter or out the kitchen window.

The NFPA reports that stove and cooktop fires are the fires most commonly started by pets, so if you live with one of these curious canines, consider removing the stove knobs located on the front of your stove, as they could get turned on by accident.

Prevent Deck Fires With the Right Outdoor Dishes

Wooden deck fires can start when light from the sun filters through glass or bowls that may have been left on the desk as food and water dishes for outdoor or neighbourhood pets.

If you leave food or water outside on the deck, make sure to use ceramic or stainless steel dishes that won’t amplify the sun’s rays and possibly ignite the deck.

If you live in in Winnipeg, Brandon, Thompson, Kenora, Regina, or Saskatoon contact the experts at Bison Fire Protection by calling 866-441-3473 today to schedule an appointment with a fire safety experts.

Together We Can Make The World A Safer Place

Posted by Rob Read at 2:40 PM 0 Comments

Wednesday, May 15, 2019

5 Ways Employees Can Prevent Fires At Work

Bison Fire's 5 ways employee's can prevent fires at work

Keeping a business safe from fires is a group effort. It takes collaboration and coordination between management and their staff to create workplaces that are fire-safe, and where team members know not just what to do in the event of a fire, but how to prevent one from happening in the first place.

Below are five easy things your staff can do to keep your workplace safe from fires:

1. Keep Emergency Numbers Visible

It’s easy to panic and freeze when a fire starts, so by posting emergency contact information in places that are easy to find and a safe distance away from flammable items (don’t put them right next to the stove, for example).

Emergency information you should list includes:

  • The local police department
  • The closest hospital with an emergency room
  • The local fire department
  • Poison control

2. Make Sure Electricals Panels Are Clear

Being able to access your building’s electrical panels allows you to turn off the electricity, which can dramatically reduce the damage caused by an accidental fire.

The easiest way to make sure that you can always access the electrical panels is to keep workspaces clean and tidy and to eliminate as much paper waste as possible. Encourage employees to archive old materials, use a shared storage space for old boxes and files, and organize your equipment and desks so panels are always easily accessible.

3. Safely Store Chemicals

If your business uses flammable chemicals then it’s essential that you follow the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and record the flammability of the chemicals you’re working with.

Most flammable substances have specific needs surrounding how and where they’re stored, as well as ventilation requirements, so make sure that any employees handling these materials are educated with how to use, store, and access chemicals safely.

4. Smoke Safely

Designate an area for employees who smoke or vape that’s a safe distance away from the building and any chemical storage areas. It’s essential to have clear signage in these areas and be firm with team members who ignore the rules.

5. Know Your Role

We all have a role to play when it comes to keeping our workplaces safe from fires, so make sure to review the emergency preparedness plan regularly. Understanding where emergency exits are, where fire extinguishers are stored, and where electrical panels are located can help eliminate the confusion and panic of an unexpected fire.

For all of your fire safety needs in Winnipeg, Thompson, Kenora, Brandon, Regina, and Saskatoon you can depend on Bison Fire Protection. Contact us for your fire protection solutions and services today.

Posted by Rob Read at 8:25 AM 0 Comments